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Salvador Dali's home in Portlligat.

Hello Dali

The Costa Brava, or Wild Coast, tucked under the French border on the Northeast coast of Spain and a hop, skip and a jump from Barcelona, was the epicentre of the life and work of the world’s most famous surrealist, Salvador Dali.

Dali was born in 1904 in the provincial town of Figueres, where he also created the Dali Theatre-Museum and was buried under its geodesic dome in 1989. His only fixed abode was 38 kilometres to the east in a labyrinthine collection of white-washed fishermen’s huts in the coastal hamlet of Portlligat. Sixty kilometres south in Pubol he renovated a Medieval castle for his wife and muse, Gala Dali. Both are now house-museums that flesh out the Dali enigma.

The three museums form the Dali Triangle. Melting clocks, eggs, stuffed animals, ants, Michelin tyres, dried flowers, bread… flamboyant mustachio’d Dali employed myriad symbols in his art. He made eccentricity itself an art form.


Dali Theatre-Museum in Figueres

This is Dali’s magnum opus: a surrealist installation to be experienced like a theatrical dream. One of the most visited (and crowded) museums in Spain, it is the antithesis of a stuffy art museum. Configured in two parts, the original building was a former theatre now topped by a glass dome while the plaster-egg-adorned pink Torre Galatea is where the Dali-designed jewels, including a throbbing heart of rubies, are located. 

There are 1500 artworks including paintings, drawings, sculpture, engravings, installations, holograms and photographs. Admire his colossal talent in early canvases, where he experiments with Cubism, Pointillism, Impressionism and Futurism, then marvel at the inventiveness of works like his Gala Nude Looking at the Sea which at 18 metres Turns out to be a Portrait of President Lincoln. In the courtyard, the Rainy Taxi Cadillac has a male chauffeur and a woman in an evening dress surrounded by lettuce and chicory. Insert a coin and it will rain inside, while suspended above the car is a boat dripping with blue condoms to symbolise tears. Enough said.


Pirelli tyres, matadors and a lip couch by the pool at Dali's house in Portlligat.

Dali House-Museum in Portlligat

Dali’s house sits facing the rocks and the sea in tiny Portlligat, a 20-minute walk from the pretty seaside village of Cadaques. 

This serene retreat is divided into three parts: the private living area, including Gala and Dali’s boudoir with separate crimson beds and Gala’s womb-like pink retreat; the outdoor courtyard with its phallic swimming pool; and the artist studio where he created paintings like The Madonna of Portlligat.


Gala Dali House-Museum in Pubol

Dali and his wife Gala had an unconventional marriage – in fact there are many who believe it was never consummated and that Dali was a repressed homosexual. Still, she was his muse and the model for countless paintings. He gave her a private retreat in Pubol Castle, where he could only visit upon written invitation. And he did much of the decoration, including trompe l’oeil paintings and a ceiling panel of himself in her heavens. Gala’s gala gowns, some designed by Dali, are on display in the tower, and it’s also possible to visit her crypt in the basement. 

Words Susan Gough Henly

MoMA wows Melbourne with modern art extravaganza

Melbourne is set to draw the crowds this winter, with visitors braving the chilly climes to view some of the finest works of modern art, many of which have never left the confines of New York's Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) at the National Gallery of Victoria’s (NGV) Winter Masterpieces exhibition, MoMA at NGV: 130 Years of Modern and Contemporary Art.

Mercedes-Benz is the principal partner of MoMA at NGV and Horst von Sanden, CEO and Managing Director of Mercedes-Benz Australia / Pacific, remarked at the media preview: “Our partnership with the NGV has lasted more than 12 years, which is testament to shared values. We both believe in innovation, social responsibility, diversity and freedom of expression.”

With art works including Salvador Dali’s The Persistence of Memory and Roy Lichtenstein’s Drowning Girl 1963, the exhibition is a fascinating display of modern art. It is also the first time that an exhibition has spanned the entire ground floor of the NGV, testament to the sheer scale of the show, with more than 200 works on display.



Image:
Roy Lichtenstein (American, 1923–1997)

Drowning Girl, 1963
Oil and synthetic polymer paint on canvas
171.6 x 169.5 cm)
The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
Philip Johnson Fund (by exchange) and gift of Mr and Mrs Bagley Wright
© Estate of Roy Lichtenstein / Licensed by Viscopy
2016

At the opening, MoMA’s director Glenn Lowry shared an update on how the New York gallery is evolving and changing. Part of this includes re-evaluating how work is displayed – Lowry believes his team will gain invaluable insights from the NGV’s curatorial team’s approach. “At the NGV, the vision [for how MoMA shows works] is on display. We are seeing an iteration of how it could look in our rehang,” he said at the media preview event.

MoMA at the NGV consists of eight galleries, each examining a distinct moment in modern art. “I think of each gallery as a village, connected by alleyways and roads in between,” remarks Lowry.

The highlights are too numerous to list, but some standout works include Marcel Duchamp’s Bicycle Wheel, which is shown among objects from the pre-World War I world of industrial design. There’s also a stunning gallery consisting of movements driven by utopian aspirations that inspired social change from Europe, such as De Stijl from The Netherlands and Bauhaus from Germany.

Lowry joked he had to ask himself what he and his team at MoMA were thinking when they agreed to Salvador Dali’s The Persistence of Memory travelling to Melbourne. It is only the second time the work has ever been lent to any other gallery or organisation. It is one of the centrepieces of the exhibition and welcomes visitors into a gallery dedicated to Surrealist greats whose works are derived from their inner worlds of their minds and their dreams, including Joan Miro and Rene Magritte.

Then it’s onto the post-World War II world, when many European artists had fled from Europe as exiles for new lives in the United States – the result being a shift from Paris to New York as the centre of modern art. In this gallery pop art examples from Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein, followed by a gallery dedicated to a sculptural approach to rethinking the domestic environment.

The final galleries cover the foreboding sense of the 1980s, right up to contemporary works from artists all over the world, including Africa. “We’re decentring the world and locating it everywhere,” Lowry said.

While the main event is undoubtedly the exhibition itself, its influence goes beyond the galleries of the NGV, with the MEL&NYC festival – a two-way exchange of ideas from the two cultural capitals – taking place throughout the winter months.

Words Lucy Siebert

Setting a new tradition in furniture design

Renowned Danish furniture house JL Møller Møbelfabrik is entering a new era, fronted by new CEO, 28-year-old Kirsten Møller.

Furniture design firm JL Møller Møbelfabrik is famous for signature dining chairs and benches that have helped popularise Scandinavian design over the last 70 years. Now, the business is entering a new phase with a youthful CEO at the helm, although its brand pillars of high quality, handcrafted production and sustainable designs will remain.

Niels Otto Møller, who originally trained as a cabinetmaker, founded the company in 1944. His first chair, designed that same year, is still in production today.


Cabinetmakers producing the #71 chair at the workshop in Aarus in the '50s.

Møller furniture quickly became an icon of Danish design. The #78 chair, designed in 1954, stands in 24 museums around the world – as well as in the Great Dane Furniture showroom in the inner Melbourne suburb of Fitzroy. Great Dane Furniture founder Anton Assaad has worked with the Møllers for 10 years, sharing the same dedication to quality and beautiful design that is a staple of the family-run company.

Carrying on the family tradition is Kirsten Møller, Niels’ granddaughter and company CEO. “Many of the big names coming out of Denmark like Arne Jacobsen, Hans Wegner, Finn Juhl – these men were extremely talented; they were educated as architects. They were able to design many models over their career because they found manufactures to produce for them, where my grandfather – not only did he design, but he also produced,” she says.

Kirsten has taken over from Niels’ son, Jørgen Møller, who has led the brand since 1994. Jørgen and brother Jens Ole Møller (who ran the company from 1982 to 1994) followed in similar footsteps to their father, both honing their craft and training as cabinetmakers, before going on to produce their own pieces. Jørgen credits the first piece he ever made as his favourite.

“It takes three years and seven months to be a cabinetmaker, and eight weeks of that to make one masterpiece. I was sleeping on the workbench from morning to evening – I didn’t come home for eight weeks,” says Jørgen. “Today I have [the] desk at home in Minneapolis.”


Kirsten Møller with father, Jørgen.

Now, 28-year-old Kirsten has become the youngest family member and first female to step into the role of CEO.

She grew up in Minnesota, working in her father Jørgen’s furniture stores in Memphis and Minneapolis. While not a cabinetmaker by trade, she has completed a Bachelor’s degree in Business and Scandinavian Studies, and a Masters in Environmental Economics.

Two years ago, Kirsten was finishing up her thesis in Copenhagen when her father phoned to tell her the company’s financial director of 40 years was retiring. It was opportune timing for Kirsten to join the company on the business side of things. Now, she’s looking to the future.

“There’s nothing I want to change about our traditional methods and the way we produce [furniture], but our digital footprint is something I’m looking forward to starting and pushing forward. It’s something that we haven’t spent too much time focusing on,” Kirsten says.

The factory in Aarhus in Denmark opened in 1961, and remains the company’s production facility today.

In all Møller chairs and benches, the woven material of the seat is made of tightly twisted paper; a continuous 425-foot-long piece of hand-woven cord and complimentary of the hand-finished timber.

“The whole concept of sustainability is having a product last for years to come. We get chairs delivered up at the factory that are 50, 60 years old and they just need a new seat,” says Kirsten.

“We get emails every single week from younger people who are inheriting their dining room chairs, or dining tables, or benches from their parents or grandparents.”


The #77 stool in oak with black cord.

The new #77 stool is one of the first pieces to be released under Kirsten’s tenure at the company’s helm, and is a showcase of the design and quality JL Møller Møbelfabrik has become known for.

The #77 stool is available at Great Dane Furniture.

Visit the Melbourne showroom at 175 Johnston Street, Fitzroy 3065
Visit the Sydney showroom at 613 Elizabeth Street, Redfern 2016

Words Lachean Humphreys

This immersive installation by teamLab is inspired by the union of digital and natural.

Global outlook: NGV Triennial

Melbourne is riding high with the National Gallery of Victoria’s highly anticipated Triennial exhibition.

The inaugural exhibition, supported by principal partner Mercedes-Benz, is exclusive to the Victorian capital and brings together the work of more than 100 artists and designers from 32 countries to explore five global themes: time, movement, body, change and virtual.

With iconic international artists such as Yayoi Kusama alongside some of Australia’s best, such as painter Ben Quilty (who won the Archibald Prize in 2011 for his portrait of Margaret Olley), the exhibition is designed to transcend cultures, scales, geographies and perspectives. It does so with everything from technology and architecture, animation, performance and film through to fashion and tapestry.

With the exhibition spanning four levels of NGV International, visitors can expect displays that are interactive and sensory.


Yayoi Kusama's purpose-built apartment.

Kusama has created a purpose-built apartment for Melbourne, which is being completely covered by visitors placing three-dimensional flowers and flower stickers over the walls, furniture and objects inside – exploring the ideas of eradication and obliteration.


Sissel Tolaas' Smellscape Melbourne_Pastpresentpast is an interactive display of scents.

Meanwhile world-renowned ‘smell designer’ Sissel Tolaas, born in Norway and currently based in Berlin, has curated scents of Melbourne in Smellscape Melbourne_Pastpresentpast, displayed around four walls and encouraging visitors to re-examine and match the different smells.

Another highlight is from art collective teamLab, founded by Toshiyuki Inoko in 2001, which has created Moving creates vortices and vortices create movement, an immersive installation inspired by the union of digital and natural. When a person moves within the space, the movement is expressed in digital particles creating a vortex. If a person is still, or the space is empty, no visual vortex is stimulated.

There’s something for everyone, art-lover or otherwise, in this exhibition – and it certainly commands repeat visits this summer.

Triennial is free and runs to 15 April 2018.

Words Lachean Humphreys
Tom Fereday accepts his award, presented at Melbourne's Mercedes me store.

Designing the future

Sydney furniture designer Tom Fereday has won the third annual Mercedes-Benz Design Award, which was presented at Melbourne’s Mercedes me store in conjunction with Broadsheet.

Of the four finalists shortlisted, Fereday’s ‘Sia’ chair was decided by a panel of judges to have most closely matched the brief: to enhance the dining space.

The judges included Mercedes-Benz Australia-Pacific senior manager of product management and strategy, André Dutkowski, Richard Munao of Cult Design, interior architect George Livissianis, industrial designer Adam Goodrum, and Broadsheet managing director and publisher Nick Shelton.

Fereday’s Sia Chair trumped three other finalists – the Hu Chair of Dan Layden, the Sola Table of Rene Linssen and the Bamboo Flatware of John Grant.

Fereday wins a trip to visit the architecturally significant Mercedes-Benz Museum in Stuttgart, Germany. His chair will also be prototyped, manufactured and sold in Australia by Cult Design, and purchased for use by the Mercedes me store. Fereday also receives mentorship for the next 12 months from the highly experienced panel of judges.

The Sia Chair, made from solid ash timber, mixes slender elegance with the practicality of an adjustable backrest, which adds lasting comfort.

“I had always wanted to make a slim dining chair that didn’t take away from the comfort or luxury of dining,” Fereday said after winning the award.

“That was the reason for developing the Sia chair, the idea being that anyone could sit on it, even in a small space and no matter where you lived, and you would be comfortable.”

The name Sia directly references the adjustable backrest, with Fereday explaining that one of the original meanings of the word is ‘movement’.

The son of an antiques dealer and a ceramicist, Fereday grew up surrounded by beautiful antique furniture that became the inspiration for his own designs. “For myself, personally, it’s really nice when you can have an association with one product that you really cherish,” he says. “If you have one good thing in your life, one product that you own, that has a high value to you because you own it for a long period of time, then that’s really invaluable.”

Dutkowski told a bumper crowd assembled for the award announcement that Mercedes-Benz has always valued design through three key pillars – innovation, sustainability and quality.

“This year we had a record number of quality entries. It really impressed upon us the high number of talented designers here in Australia,” he said.

Fellow judge Richard Munao, a leading figure in the Australian design community, paid tribute to both Mercedes-Benz and the high quality of competition entries submitted in 2017.

“When you look at what Mercedes Benz is doing in Australia, not only are you investing in our country, you are investing in our design, and I think that is something that is unique and is one of the reasons [Cult Design] wanted to be associated with the award,” he told the gathering.

“When you look at the entries, from a mentor’s perspective, I think it’s safe to say that Australian design is in good hands.”

Words Lucy Siebert

Herbert Lotz, Georgia O’Keeffe’s Abiquiu House, Exterior, 2007. Georgia O’Keeffe Museum. © Georgia O

Exploring Georgia O’Keeffe country in New Mexico

Making modernism, the largest Georgia O’Keeffe collection to come to Australia, was an inspired exhibition that showcased the trailblazing work of the American painter and two Australian kindred artists: Margaret Preston and Grace Cossington Smith. It toured Melbourne’s Heide Museum of Modern Art, the Queensland Art Gallery and the Art Gallery of NSW during the last year. 

For those who came away with a fascination for O’Keeffe’s minimalist desert landscapes, stark animal skulls and bold flower abstractions, there are plenty of opportunities for a full immersion in the world of her adopted home in New Mexico.

With high mesas of red rock and its cottonwood-dotted valleys, its enduring Native American pueblo culture and its mud-brick adobe architecture, New Mexico has an otherworldly character that first lured O’Keeffe from New York in the late 1920s. She eventually moved there permanently in 1949.


Georgia O’Keeffe, Road to Pedernal, 1941. Oil on canvas. 6 1/8 x 10 (15.55 x 25.4). Georgia O’Keeffe Museum. Gift of The Georgia O’Keeffe Foundation [2006.05.170]. © Georgia O’Keeffe Museum.

Start your explorations at the Georgia O’Keeffe Museum in Sante Fe, which is home to nearly 150 of her oil paintings and 700 sketches as well as important pastels, watercolours and charcoals. The collections also include many personal possessions, including her art materials and remarkable modernist black and white photographs taken by her husband, the photographer and art dealer Alfred Stieglitz.

As you wander through the museum, you’ll discover how she discarded her traditional art training to create her own elegant abstraction of structure, design and colour, which became ever more daring as she embraced the New Mexican light and landscape. There is even a webcam that showcases the carefully preserved garden she loved so much at her home in Abiquiu.

Nothing, however, beats seeing where she lived and worked and the landscapes that inspired her art. The museum owns and preserves O’Keeffe’s two homes at Abiquiu and Ghost Ranch in the Chama River Valley, about an hour’s drive north of Sante Fe.

The modernist Abiquiu home and studio tour provides fascinating insights into the environment where she lived, gardened and painted dozens of canvases. You’ll discover the large wooden door through the patio wall that was a favourite subject and you’ll also see how she converted a stable and buggy house at the edge of the mesa into her studio and bedroom with plate-glass windows offering panoramic views of the Chama River Valley, which she painted in all different lights and seasons.


Georgia O’Keeffe, Ram’s Head, Blue Morning Glory, 1938. Oil on canvas. 20 x 30 (50.8 x 76.2). Georgia O’Keeffe Museum. Gift of The Burnett Foundation [2007.01.024]. © Georgia O’Keeffe Museum.

O’Keeffe’s second home at Ghost Ranch, which is now a Presbyterian church retreat, is not open to the public but you can take a guided bus tour around the ranch to see some of the landscapes – such as her favourite flat-topped Cerro Pedernal mesa –immortalised in her paintings. Several times a year, Georgia O’Keeffe plein-air painting workshops are also held at Ghost Ranch.

You can stay the night either at the charming adobe Abiquiu Inn with its delightful restaurant and gift shop, or in more basic accommodations at the Ghost Ranch. Book early as they both sell out fast. 

When you return to Sante Fe, book “O’Keeffe’s Table” at Eloisa restaurant in the Drury Lane Hotel. Award-winning chef John Rivera Sedlar’s New Mexican tasting menu is inspired by the dishes his great aunt used to cook for O’Keeffe when she was her personal chef.

Do your own stomping and you’ll discover New Mexico’s magic for yourself. And while in New Mexico, make time to also discover the Native American pueblo culture that so fascinated O’Keeffe. Visit the Museum of Indian Arts and Culture in Sante Fe and the Indian Pueblo Cultural Center in Albuquerque. Many of New Mexico’s 19 pueblos, such as Acoma, Santa Clara, San Ildefonso, and Zuni still create distinctive and breathtakingly beautiful pottery, which can be purchased on site or at commercial galleries in Sante Fe or Taos. Santa Domingo and Taos pueblos, among others, are also renowned for their fine jewellery.

Words Susan Gough Henly

Aberdeen Harbour, Hong Kong

Hong Kong’s hippest art district

Industrial buildings, grungy streets, concrete overpasses – Wong Chuk Hang is a most unlikely setting for Hong Kong’s up-and-coming art scene.

Two years ago, the run-down district on the south of Hong Kong Island was a collection of fading industrial buildings as manufacturers had moved to mainland China. But expansive open-plan floors with views of Aberdeen Harbour, handy industrial-size lifts and competitive rents (in what is, after all, one of the most expensive cities in the world) attracted a handful of visionary gallery owners to the area.

It’s definitely a hip and happening place with cafés, fashion outlets, artist studios and hotels springing up, but finding these gems isn’t always easy.

A new MTR train station opened last year so I travel to Wong Chuk Hang – armed with a map – in just over seven minutes from Admiralty. Outside the train station I’m greeted by lines of tall grey concrete blocks.

The first gallery I visit is Art Statements, run by Dominique Perregaux, one of the pioneers who spotted the potential in this concrete jungle.

“In 2015 there were five galleries,” says Perregaux, who is also chairman of South Island Cultural District, an arts collective that represents the area. “Today there are 23 galleries.”

He’s breaking down the stuffy image of galleries by exhibiting the likes of iconic Japanese artist Yoshitaka Amano’s futuristic paintings beside ancient Buddhist stone sculptures.

A short walk away, the sleek Blindspot Gallery focuses on bringing photographers out of the shadows. If you like Japanese and street artists, try Aishonanzuka gallery. And De Sarthe, a groovy place with interactive exhibits (including a karaoke machine), is definitely fun.

As well as quirky cafés, fashion brands such as Armani and Joyce have opened stores, Lane Crawford runs an eclectic homewares studio, and Young Master brews craft beers there.

After a day of exploring this concrete jungle, watch the sun go down at the Above rooftop bar on the 23rd floor of the Ovolo Southside hotel where the bartender shakes a mean cocktail. Manager Quinton Lai tells me it’s a favourite staycation spot for Hong Kongers – and it’s not hard to see why.

Words Mary O’Brien

Cultural concept: Mercedes me Melbourne

Imagine, if you will, a destination hub so inspiring it is poised to revitalise one of the most rapidly developing, yet underrated precincts in Melbourne. Perched on the corner of one of the city’s busiest intersections, at the foot of the soaring Rialto Towers, and spread across two glittering levels of architectural splendour, it is a place where you can enjoy your favourite morning brew, connect with colleagues, revel in the latest in prestige automobile design and meet some of Melbourne’s leading craftspeople.

This is the home of Mercedes me Melbourne. Marrying aspirational lifestyle with innovative café culture, the bespoke venue – the latest of only seven Mercedes me lifestyle concept spaces in the world – is designed to create midtown magic at the intersection of King and Collins streets.

While each Mercedes me store is characterised by a few common aesthetics, they are ultimately designed to reflect the specific tastes and passions of the host city’s culture.

“We want to be a place that people love, and look forward to coming back to,” says Mercedes me general manager, Simon Johnson. “Whether that is just coming in and enjoying that atmosphere, or the great hospitality, or finding out more about the Mercedes-Benz brand.

“The Mercedes me stores around the world are about celebrating each city’s particular culture. Of course, in Melbourne we knew that had to be the city’s famed café culture, and the streetscape itself.

“As well as being a place for fans and customers to enjoy, Mercedes me Melbourne opens up the Mercedes-Benz brand to people who may not have previously considered it. It’s not a merchandise store nor a retail outlet, but an access point to the brand, in what is an entirely new approach in Australia,” Johnson adds.

The concept – designed by architects Jackson Clements Burrows (JCB) with Mercedes-Benz, in collaboration with hospitality partner St Ali – is a collision of art, design, performance, innovation, sport and hospitality.

The experiential space is designed by the question, “what would an aspirational home for a Mercedes-Benz owner look like?”. The result is an intimate environment embracing urban living. For this, the architects drew on inspiration from the extensive Mercedes-Benz archival library.

“We were trying to develop a language which we felt would be reflective of the home for Mercedes-Benz,” JCB’s Simon Topliss says. “We found these wonderful images of some of the Mercedes-Benz factories of the ’50s, and these beautiful factory spaces with amazing, fine steelwork. It was spare and minimal … and incredibly ordered.


Mercedes-Benz factories from the past inspired the use of steelwork throughout Mercedes me Melbourne.

“It became our inspiration, the driving force behind how we can develop the language of the metalwork, and that became simply articulated in this one gesture that we have repeated, which is the frame. Just taking this one simple idea of the frame, which then becomes the balustrade, which then becomes the lighting frame, and so on. It became this one element we could wrap around the space.”

The materials palette of steelwork, tiles, polished concrete and timber is spare and luxurious – in keeping with the global Mercedes me store aesthetic. But it also speaks to the character of the city, and allows the one simple element to define the architectural vision: the steelwork.

Flexible, innovative space

The design showcases a collection of private and public zones where every space tells a story. Interspersed throughout are nooks and crannies in which to retreat, and public-facing areas that engage with the streetscape.


The Lounge, on the upper level, is a beautiful space to catch up on reading or for quiet discussions.

On the ground level, the Living Room is modelled on a luxurious residence, complete with kitchen and comfortable seating. Wrapped around it is the open-air Garden, linking street and venue. The double-sided kitchen, which has a bar servery in front and a chef’s table on the side, is on display as a showcase of St Ali’s renowned coffee and food offerings. “A whole hospitality operation is going on live,” Topliss says. “We didn’t want to hide the kitchen away; we wanted it to be part of the experience.”

The car, naturally, is the centrepiece of the experience. Driven from the back through the Garage, it is framed against a wall of display screens. Although constantly changing, it resides as an object centre-stage; at once part of the “home” but also its undisputed star.

As night falls, the venue transforms into a flexible event space through the use of a simple device – the Veil, a curtain that wraps around the inner-frame. This lends softness to the industrial edges and a flexibility to the environment.

Meanwhile, private booths along the edge of the sculpted stairs lead the way upstairs, where an espresso bar accessible from the Rialto atrium is ideally placed for a grab-and-go coffee. On the floating loft, the Library is an open collaborative space; next to it, on the plinth, private discussions can be held behind the closed doors of the Drawing Room.


The three booths represent land sea and air and give customers an elevated view of the space. 

This level's highlight is the Meet the Maker space, showcasing the work of the city's creatives. “It’s designed so someone like a milliner or a bootmaker can show their wares and creative process, and it gives customers an opportunity to get an insight into the craftsmanship and artistry in Melbourne,” Topliss says.

Technology has, of course, been carefully considered and plays a starring, yet discreet, role. Dotted throughout are state-of-the-art multimedia touchpoints: jewellery-like display boxes, giant projection screens and theatre-style lighting.

Mercedes me Melbourne is now open.

Words by Miranda Tay

MONA. Photo by Rob Burnett.

The Museum of Everything meets MONA

The museum that refuses to be defined meets the art that can't be. 

Descending into Hobart’s Museum of Old and New Art (MONA) in a glass-sided elevator, you have the sense of sinking into the lair of a supervillain, hidden beneath the earth. But then, it’s obvious there’s something different about this museum from the second you step foot on the camo-print MONA Roma ferry at Brooke Street Pier, where crew in custom Dickies boiler suits attend to passengers sitting sidesaddle on plastic sheep. 

If there is a Machiavellian mind behind MONA, it belongs to David Walsh, the Hobart-born millionaire who transformed his personal art collection into one of Australia’s biggest cultural institutions. 

Senior Research Curator Jane Clark has been with MONA since before earth was broken on the site, when the museum was still a collection of David’s antiquities on display at the Moorilla Estate winery. “David quips ‘Nobody came, so we thought we’d build a bigger one’,” Jane says. “At that time, none of us really knew what was going to happen, whether it would work.” Fast forward six years, and it's hard to imagine the city of Hobart without MONA. 

MONA has become notorious for its unconventional approach to art – exhibiting a mechanical “poop machine” or a wall of casts of women’s nether regions alongside Egyptian sarcophagi and cuneiform tablets. Now, it is acting as the first Australian port for one of the art world’s most head-scratching major exhibitions, The Museum of Everything. Curated by James Brett, the roaming collection brings together “untrained, unintentional, undiscovered and unclassifiable artists of the nineteenth, twentieth, and twenty-first centuries.” 

The Museum of Everything is the result of James’ relentless hunt through garages, estate sales, art auctions, eBay and even mental-health workshops, collecting around 2000 pieces linked only by their position on the peripheries of mainstream art. The term “outsider art” is used with reticence, failing to do justice to the scope of the exhibition. 

“James doesn’t want to use the label ‘outsider’ because it seems to categorise all these things as one thing, when really they’re many things,” Jane says. “In many cases, the minute they’re discovered there’s actually a market for some of this stuff, and people love it, and it’s not ‘outside’ at all.” 

To encompass the enormous collection, the bottom floor of the MONA has been transformed into a creaking, labyrinthine series of smaller rooms. Obsession and compulsion run like threads throughout the exhibition, from the religious rantings of self-described prophets to fantastical collections shaped out of scavenged materials. Trauma too makes an appearance, such as Henry Darger’s nightmarish renderings of childhood abuse or Joseph Karl Rädler’s surprisingly serene portraits of fellow inmates at an Austrian sanatorium. Anyone looking for easy categories is going to be left frustrated. 

“It leads to this big picture thing; what do we mean when we say art?” Jane says “Which of course, is one of MONA’s big interests, and is probably one of the reasons David was interested in pursuing the show in the first place.” The Museum of Everything and MONA share a fascination with the whole spectrum of human creativity, and the many glorious and mad ways it bubbles to the surface. 

Words Krysia Bonkowski

The Museum of Everything is showing at the Museum of Old and New Art until 2 April 2018. 

This year, all you’ll read about is “hygge”

The design direction of 2017 is all about living well and simply. Hygge, the Danish philosophy for wellbeing, is a big design trend this year: an emphasis on cosiness and conviviality that engenders a feeling of contentment. Everything about it is all-embracing, down to the word itself (pronounced “hoo-gur”) and its derivative connotations of the “hug”.

Nordic design’s clean-lined aesthetic and joyous play on light is an ideal platform for cosiness and reflection. Its signature minimalist interiors forgo all unnecessary items in favour of essentials that work in harmony to create intimate environments. A Stokke baby cradle, a Great Dane Furniture dining table, or a Danske Mobler chair are all the statement makers that are needed to complete a space and enhance the occupant’s state of wellbeing.

“It is often said that the Danes are the happiest people in the world,” says Jo Mawhinney, Australian national retail manager of Living Edge, which carries iconic Scandinavian designs. “In Copenhagen, there is a Happiness Research Institute. Meik Wiking is the CEO, who wrote the gorgeous book called The Little Book of Hygge, the Danish way to love well.”

“By living mindfully, you become more aware of your surroundings,” says interior designer Cushia McFadden, of TomMarkHenry in New South Wales. “Being present in your life, making conscious decisions to surround yourself with what makes you happy results in a more fulfilled existence.”

This state of mindfulness cherishes even the simplest task, making it meaningful and joyful. At its heart, hygge is bourgeois, encapsulating contemporary aspirations of the middle class for simple sophistication, the artisanal and rustic, while celebrating its luxurious elements. “Whether it’s a five-minute meditation on our own in a calm and quiet space, or a coffee with a friend in your favourite café, it’s about taking time to do what makes you happy,” says McFadden.

“A state of wellness can be achieved through lifestyle by surrounding yourself with positive and friendly people,” says Mawhinney. “If we are able to enjoy a living room, lobby, even an airline lounge, with a glass of wine, it is a beautiful, mood-boosting moment.”

Design is crucial for this. It cleverly resolves the space so the user can relax almost effortlessly.

“Design for the home is very personal. What works for one person will not necessarily work for another,” says Mawhinney. “That’s the interesting part – why we create such unique spaces for ourselves and for each other.”

Above all, hygge is a winter philosophy – when woollen throws, comfy chairs, flickering tealights, yoga meditation, and warm embers in the fireplace recall our need for shelter and gathering with friends.

“More and more, people are turning to design for an experience or opportunity,” says McFadden. “A lot of people are now specifically looking to incorporate spaces in their homes where they can ‘switch off’: a reading nook or a living room with no TV.

“On the other hand, a social setting encourages connecting with people. Large communal tables, round banquette seating … these encourage conversation and getting closer to those around you, which is vital to do when so many of us are attached to a phone or computer all day.”

Words Miranda Tay

Ten must-have architecture and design books

What will our future worlds look like? How will we live them? In Sensual Purity – Gordon Wagener on Designs, a collaboration between Mercedes-Benz and Conde Nast International, futurologists, philosophers, neuroscientists and novelists present their unique visions for a brave, new world of Daimler design. British photographer Jonathan Glynn-Smith’s spectacular imagery envisions roads, bridges, skyscrapers and transport of boundless wonder and exciting new technologies, which nonetheless reference the past and present while reimagining the future.

In the same vein, our top 10 architecture and design titles showcase how forward-thinking philosophy and boundless creativity propel exciting new environments to take shape.


Architecture


Fifty Under Fifty: Innovators of the 21st Century
By Beverly Russell, Eva L. Maddox and Farooq Ameen
Images Publishing

This impressive volume of next-generation vision features global innovators selected after a worldwide search of 50 top architecture and design firms – and all were under 50 at the time of print.



20th Century World Architecture
The Phaidon Atlas

Any “atlas” with the Phaidon imprimatur is a must-have resource. More than 750 of the most outstanding works of architecture built between 1900-1999 are presented in this phenomenal canon of authoritative work.



Lumi Tecture: Illuminating Interiors For Designers and Architects
By Anna Yudina
Thames and Hudson

Dappled, evocative and mood-enhancing, light awakens the senses as much as it does the space. As our environments become more interactive, the realm of new possibilities brought about by its transformative qualities are infinite and edifying.



The Tale of Tomorrow: Utopian Architecture in the Modernist Realm
Edited by Sofia
Borges and Gestalten

This tale celebrates the radical forms and eye-popping structures of the utopian buildings of the ‘60s and ‘70s, which heralded a retro-futuristic epoch, in a spectacularly stunning book.

Mobitecture: Architecture on the Move
By Rebecca Roke
Phaidon

Architecture literally goes places in this inspiring, thought-provoking, ultimately visionary collection of mobile shelters, which range from rustic to deluxe huts, wearable structures and futuristic prototypes.



Building Community: New Apartment Architecture
By Michael Webb
Thames and Hudson

This book examines contemporary apartment development as an enriching building type of growing significance in 39 exemplar projects from urban villages to megastructures.

Interiors




Room: Inside Contemporary Interiors
Conceived and edited by Phaidon editors

Ten curators choose 10 contemporary interiors – and the result is glorious. With lavishly illustrated insight into groundbreaking interiors, ranging from retail to hotels to homes that defy convention and challenge the imagination, once you enter, you may never want to leave.



The New Chic: French Style From Today’s Leading Designers
By Marie Kalt and the Editors of Architectural Digest
Rizzoli

The effortless elegance and joie de vivre that define Parisian style is given a contemporary twist by a rising tide of design talent in this sumptuous title, curated by the editors of French Architectural Digest.

Outdoors




30:30 Landscape Architecture
By Meaghan Kombol
Phaidon

Breathtaking aerial views are the hallmark of this wondrous international journey of magnificent landscapes by 60 established and emerging talents, which showcases an increasingly sophisticated approach to designing the way we live outdoors.



New Nordic Gardens: Scandinavian Landscape Design
By Annika Zetterman
Thames & Hudson

The simplicity, attunement and openness for which Scandinavian design is much revered extends to its outdoor spaces in this inspiring compilation.

Words Miranda Tay

Danish design in focus

Innovation, minimalism and functionalism are key elements, for sure, but equally important is a strong aesthetic appeal born of exquisite craftsmanship and high-quality materials.

To start out, it’s well worth visiting Copenhagen’s impressive Danish Design Museum to see how Danish designers have streamlined even the most prosaic household objects – from pedal bins and light switches to cutlery and vacuum cleaners – and how sleek chairs and tables were created for multi-purpose living spaces.

There are guided tours in English on Sundays, and the museum shop not only has a wide selection of ceramics, glass, textiles, fashion, toys and posters but also great design books.


Iconic chairs on display at the Danish Design Museum.

Normann Copenhagen

Possibly the coolest design store in Copenhagen got even more exciting with the opening of its completely reimagined showroom in a former movie theatre in Osterbro. Brushed steel, mirror glass, terrazzo and bold colours are juxtaposed with the original stucco ceiling and tall marbled beams, all the better to show off their original, eye-catching products that transform the ordinary into the extraordinary through innovative design.

The collection consists of a wide and ever growing range of versatile furniture, sculptural lighting, stunning textiles and clever home accessories that challenge conventional thinking. Among the most famous are Ole Jensen’s rubber washing-up bowl, a vase created from silicon and a dog made out of plastic.

Illums Bolighus

This is Copenhagen’s exquisite department store for Danish and international design. Started in the 1920s, Illums Bolighus pioneered the concept of showcasing furnished interiors where textiles, furniture and homewares interacted as art. To this day, its display windows on Stroget show the latest design trends alongside much-loved classics.

The flagship store is a temple of design offering an impeccable sense of style across numerous floors. There is handcrafted wooden furniture, iconic leather chairs, innovative lighting, bathroom and kitchen treatments, porcelain, silver, glassware and even the best curated Danish fashion labels. In particular, it houses the sleek furniture designs of Hans Wegner and Frits Henningsen at Carl Hansen and Son and Arne Jacobsen’s iconic egg, swan and drop chairs at Fritz Hansen.


Arne Jacobsen chairs on display at Illums Bolighus.

HAY

At the heart of everything that HAY does is the notion that contemporary design should spring from a good idea, innovative technology and quality materials in combination with joyful, straightforward and uncomplicated aesthetics.

Founded in 2002, HAY works with a range of designers to create its own brand of beautiful, durable, quality furniture and homewares at affordable prices. The aesthetic honours the quality, craftsmanship and functionalism of Danish modern while also exploring new technologies and materials as design solutions for contemporary needs.

In addition to furnishings and rugs, their second-floor flagship shop on Stroget has a whimsical selection of accessories including bottle openers, serving trays, toothbrushes, tote bags, travel accessories, vases, clocks, pillows and stationery that make terrific gifts.

Designer Zoo

Designer Zoo offers a more artistic approach to interior design and for many years the store has hosted the graduate exhibition of the Danish Design School and ceramics department, as well as half a dozen exhibitions annually that highlight the latest developments in Danish design.

Spread over two floors in Vesterbro, the design store and gallery exhibits the handcrafted work of Designer Zoo’s own seven designers (who work in furniture, glass, ceramics, jewellery and more) as well as numerous guest designers. The staff members are designers – and can offer knowledgeable advice – and it’s also possible to visit some of the workshops where the products are made.

The owner, Karsten Lauritsen, is famous for his customisable bean-shaped tables.

Words Susan Gough Henly

WA’s Lake Ballard and Gormley’s statues

The sparse outback landscape of Western Australia may feel like an unlikely place for a major art installation. But visitors braving a bush driving adventure hundreds of kilometres from the nearest capital city are rewarded with one of Australia's most fascinating installations, as Sir Antony Gormley created what some consider the greatest art installation anywhere in the world on Lake Ballard in outback Western Australia.

Fifty one steel sculptures are spread across 10 sq km of desert, which is variously sun-cracked red earth or shimmering white salt plain, or even shallow water depending on the season.

There are no interpretive panels or signs of any sort at the artist’s insistence, just footprints connecting each piece across the vastness and in doing so becoming part of the artwork.

Titled Inside Australia, the installation is about 800km from Perth, itself one of the world’s most isolated capital cities. It’s 50km from the nearest town, Menzies (population about 60) with access via a corrugated red-dirt road.

Each piece was cast in Perth and trucked to the site; temperatures at the time of their installation sometimes soared above 40 degrees and its very existence in this remote place is testimony to the artist’s tenacity in realising his audacious vision.

The artwork was created for the 50th anniversary of the Festival of Perth in 2003 and is the reason then festival director Sean Doran described it as his most challenging event ever.

Each sculpture is based on a Menzies local, many of them Indigenous people of the area, whom had their bodies scanned in the town hall.

Alana was one of them. She recalls they thought it a very strange request that they strip naked to have their entire bodies imaged, so no one turned up initially.

They eventually relented and she can tell her sculpture because of the pronounced sway in its back; she was five months pregnant with her son at the time. He is now 14. Many of the nearby sculptures are of her family.

“I feel overwhelmed and proud – he’s [my son’s] out there with me but not really out there with me. We are going to be there for a long time,” she says.

Commentators say Gormley’s body of work questions where humans stand in relation to nature and the universe. Alana says the art also makes a strong statement about the connection for traditional owners to the land, particularly women, since Lake Ballard is an important part of their dreaming.

Their story of the seven sisters tells of seven stars (the Greeks called them Pleiades) who, on one of their adventures across the night sky, descended to play on the lake’s surface. They hid in the caves when a man chased them, reappearing on the land as the seven islands across the salt lake.

It is usually very still and intensely quiet on Lake Ballard, enhancing the deep spiritual connection some visitors describe feeling for the piece.

Words and image Kerry Faulkner